Diabetes mellitus is rapidly increasing and becoming a serious issue around the world. In the last three decades, diabetes has taken a shift from being just a mild disorder that is commonly found in older people to something that is the main cause of mortality and morbidity. It is now affecting people of all ages. Among so many countries, India is the most popular country that is known as diabetic capital worldwide.
Shilajit – An Effective Herbal Supplement
With the increasing number of diabetic patients around the globe, a rising interest has been observed in herbal medicine and supplements, wherein plants serve as a source of antidiabetic principles. One of these supplements is shilajit.
Shilajit mainly consists of humic substances, including humic acid, fulvic acid, and humins. Fulvic acid is a very effective antioxidant and has anti-inflammatory properties. In other words, this supplement does not allow free radicals and other toxins to affect the body as it prevents the body from oxidation. This keeps the body healthy and delays the aging process.
Shilajit for Diabetes Mellitus
Shilajit is a very powerful natural resin that contains 85 ionic minerals that are very useful for a healthy mind and body. Among so many benefits, one is its use for diabetic patients. Yes, it is true. Diabetic patients are allowed to take shilajit for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. This mineral-rich supplement is very effective to fight off diabetic symptoms in the body. It treats issues related to diabetes and regulates the function of the pancreas that pumps insulin and maintains the sugar level in the blood. This powerful resin also boosts insulin sensitivity in the body cells.
People suffering from diabetes mellitus often experience frequent urination. Shilajit helps reduce this problem in diabetic patients. It is also very useful supplement that does not let albumin and sugar leak out of the body via urination. Moreover, it has proven to be very effective in the treatment of proteinuria and glycosuria that is mild or moderate in nature. In addition to that, it also provides nutritional support for diabetic patients by providing necessary minerals and enables body cells to absorb the nutrients from the food and break them down to produce energy. This process boosts the overall energy level in the body, which eventually leads to a healthy immune system and mental wellbeing.
In a research published in 1995, diabetes mellitus was induced in the Wistar rats (outbred albino rats) by administering streptozotocin (STZ). STZ is toxic to the beta cells of the pancreas that are responsible to produce insulin in the body. After it was induced, superoxide dismutase and hyperglycemia activities were of pancreatic islet cells was observed on day seven, fourteen, twenty-one, and twenty-eight. Shilajit was administered simultaneously for 28 days in two different doses, i.e., 50mg/kg and 100 mg/kg.
STZ led to hyperglycemia by the 14th day, which kept increasing significantly on day 21 and 28. It also reduced the pancreatic islet cell superoxide dismutase, which started appearing from day 7 and progressively increased over the course of the study. In normal rats, no significant effect of shilajit was observed. But it proved to be very beneficial in rats with diabetes mellitus as it weakened the hyperglycemic effect of STZ from day 14; the higher dose proved to be more effective as compared to the lower dose. However, both the doses reduced the impact of STZ-induced diabetes mellitus from day 14 onwards.
It was found out that hyperglycemia was caused by the reduction of pancreatic islet superoxide dismutase activity, which eventually accumulated free radicals that damaged the beta cells in the pancreas. Since shilajit helps in fighting off the free radicals due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, it significantly reduced the effect of STZ induced diabetes mellitus.